Guarantees of international security in the Mediterranean basin.

Thesis summary:

The thesis on guarantees of international security in the Mediterranean basin addresses the issue of security in the Mediterranean, which is gaining its importance through the recent transformations and events witnessed by the international arena this pushed the international community towards awareness of a set of new security threats, global crises and international issues that have become transnational and difficult to control. Furthermore, it raises complex security problems for the issue of international security for all countries, regardless of their power, dominance, and their position on the international scene.

The Mediterranean basin is considered to be one of the regions most concerned with these issues. It is a space known of its peculiarities, contradictions that distinguish it, and make it one of the international units that combine its northern and southern shores with many common factors and concerns that are reflected in the security situation of the region. Consequently, this made the question of security in this space of great importance, especially because of its geographical location with a great impact. Hence, this space have attracted various international powers, in addition to its complexity of the security problems that its countries experienced, especially those related to immigration, terrorism, environmental threats and economic crises. In addition to that, its recent experience of political crises, on top of which are the Arab Spring revolutions left different results among its countries and security problems that reflected new struggles for power in the region. The thesis seeks to analyze the mechanisms in place to establish security in the Mediterranean as an attempt to answer a central problem: To what extent can we talk about guarantees of security in the Mediterranean basin in light of the various threats to which it is exposed; and as fair and balanced guarantees, it may succeed in removing all factors of discrimination and disparity between its two sides?

Key words: international security – the Mediterranean basin – security threats – international transformations – Arab Spring – protests – human rights.