Protest Movements in the Arab Spring and Opportunities for Democratic Transition: Morocco and Tunisia Model


The research thesis was contextualized it possible to deal with the societal dynamism of populations in much of North Africa and the Middle East, known as the “Movements and Revolutions of the Arab Spring” which began in late 2010 in Tunisia, Its dynamics and interactions are still valid until this moment.

The researcher believes, that the protest momentum started from Tunisia on December 17, 2010 and ended with the departure of former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to power on January 14, 2011, through Egypt on January 25, and arriving in Morocco through the February 20 movement, should refer us or urge us to pay attention Street power, and the dynamism of societies and their struggles, which have been absent or absent from the political science approach.

The same context, researcher believes that the protest phenomenon in general was classified within the fields of knowledge and theoretical fields of political sociology, without taking in to account the importance of the epistemological frameworks for political science in deconstructing and explaining the phenomenon, and that research and writings within this modern and specialized field of knowledge, from within the faculties of law in Morocco, were closely related Great in power, not society, and since the end of the eighties of the last century, he has made human rights, globalization, Islamic movements and women exclusive subjects of his research, instead of focusing on issues of development, classes, social structures and social change.

have shown that the emergence of the phenomenon of social protest movements, which seek to bring about political and democratic change, in Morocco and Tunisia during the Arab Spring, through the model of February 20 and January 14, 2011, Came to replace the traditional political parties and community elites. The researcher Explaining of the comparative study, how  the constitutional and political outcomes of the political system in Morocco were able to achieve relative success in curbing the development of the protest movement, while in Tunisia the democratic transition process remains confined to the level of success of the political transition path, by laying the constitutional and institutional foundations. It is an experiment that remains vulnerable to failure and regression in the event of continued failure and stumbling, in reforming the economy and addressing the issue of social development.

Keywords: Protests and social movements, Arab Spring, transition and democratic transformation, Morocco, Tunisia.