Revision of the Family Code in Morocco: does the polarization dominate again?


This article addresses the reform of the Family Code in Morocco. It argues that it remains one of the most contentious terrains of polarization between Islamists and Secularists/Modernists in Morocco. To demonstrate that, the article pinpoints the evolution of the historical reform: from the Personal Status Code of 1957 to the Moudawna of 2004. The last was the real first confrontation between the two sides and creates a division which its influence was extended to the street. Since then, the employment of ideological and identity references has become critical for all positions of both parties. The proposed reform of the Family Code revived the polarized climate of 1999, especially in light of the relative decline of the political and social influence of the Islamic movements.

Keywords: Family Code, Polarization, Reform, Islamic reference.